A five-to-one ratio

Thus, the inner for loop shown in Listing 2 will iterate five times during each iteration of the outer for loop that began in Listing 1.

(This is similar to the odometer in your car where each digit increments through ten units before the digit to its immediate left will increment by one unit.

In this program, however, the ratio is five-to-one instead of the ten-to-one ratio in your car.)